Write a letter to your grandfather, who lives in Atlanta, with your thoughts on Independence Day

The Prime Minister addressed the nation from behind the bullet-proof glass enclosure. My friends and I were troubled about the problems of the country. A horrified nation mourned the terrorist attack victims. I feel fright­ened whenever the Prime Minister makes a public appear­ance with a vow to finish terrorism. Unless patriotism and human values are recreated in the minds of people, there is no secure future for us. I would like to hear from you on this subject soon. Take care of your health, Grandpa.

Affectionately yours


Sample complaint letter: Complain against a colour TV bought from a local dealer

I regret to inform you that the television I bought from your local sales-counter on 15 July, 20 has not been working well.

The color pictures are blurred and the tuning is also faulty.

Your local sales office sent the engineer twice, but the defect is yet to be set right. It may be a manufacturing defect and a thorough examination is required.

Kindly inform me whether I should have it sent to you or alternatively, your man will call at my place. I will be happy to get it changed. I shall be grateful for immediate action.

Yours faithfully

Write an application for the post of a Training Officer’ in the DCM

Sub: Application for the Post of ‘Training Officer’ in your Staff Training Department. Advt. No. 8436.

This has reference to your advertisement in ‘The Hindustan Times’ on August 8, 20 for the post mentioned above.

I furnish herewith my full particulars for your attention. If you consider that I stand a chance, kindly inform me and oblige.

Yours faithfully


Encl.: Bio-data


1. Name

2. Date of birth

3. Address

4. Father’s Name

5. Examination Passed with year and class

6. Professional Qualifications

7. Experience, if any

8. References

Insert the details of Bio-data and give two references.

Practice Now : 5 short paragraphs for school children

Your friends from the neighboring school wish to play a friendly match on Sunday, which your father does not agree to allow you. Plead with him to get the permission.

“You know my friend Raj, who lives in the next lane. He and I have been discussing a cricket match between our schools for a long time. Finally, it’s been fixed for Sunday. I am aware that you would like me to spend the day at home and help around with the chores. But this is very important to me and we have been planning it for a long time. I am requesting you to please let me play the match on Sunday. I am one of the organisers, after all. I will try and make up for this next Sunday.

3. Car Ride

You wish to go with your friend who manages to borrow a car from someone, while your parents do not like that. Convince them.

My friend Rohit and I have been planning to go for a car ride all round Delhi’s Ring Road. Today, it finally looked like we would be able to fulfill our dream. But just as I was getting dressed to go out, my mother came into my room and told me that I don’t have her permission to go. Somehow she found out about our plan. She is very angry and says we are too young to drive. I don’t know where she got the idea that either Rohit or I will be driving. We will not. It’s actually Rohit’s elder sister who will drive. She is 21 years old and has agreed to take us out for the drive. When my mother heard this, she felt relieved and allowed me to go.

4. Low Marks

You have secured 40 marks in Mathematics, although you expected a distinction. Explain the reasons for your poor performance.

Well, I expected a distinction in Mathematics but I got only 40 marks. I became very nervous when the Question Paper was handed over to me. I was able to answer only a few questions. There were many questions which I did not know how to solve, because the type of sums which I prepared for the examination was not there in the question paper. I took more time to think over each sum as how to solve it, with the result I left out many sums which I knew. The bell rang, the time was up and I was unable to finish my paper.

5. Poor Performance

You wished to opt for Biology as you had a mind to go for Medicine later on. But you performed badly. Justify to your parents.

For a long time, I had in my mind to opt for Biology and later on Medicine. It can also be called as my only ambition. But after the Class X results were declared, I was shocked to find that I had got very poor marks in Biology. My parents were not interested in letting me take Biology after my very poor performance. So I was heartbroken. Then, after a long thought I came to the conclusion that there was no use crying over spilt milk. My parents also said there was no use in doing a thing in which one was not good. I told them that I could still try to improve and do well because of my liking for Biology. My parents were then convinced of my sincerity.

I Have a Dream

Does Martin Luther King’s preacher style of
Speaking take away the spirit
And tone of his famous
“I have a dream” speech?
R. Ernie Lee
Composition II

From Doctor King’s speech, I quote: ” This is the faith that I go back to the South With. And with this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful brother hood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to play together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.” “And when this day happens, all men will be able to join hands and sing in the worlds of the old Negro spiritual: “Free at last, free at last! Thank God Almighty. We are free at last!””
These very moving words were the crescendo of Dr. King’s speech on August 1963 on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. His congregation spread before him was striving to grasp and hold every single thought that he brought forth. When you read his speech, it almost sounds jumbled, jumping from point to point and resolution to question. But if you can see yourself speaking on the steps of the memorial to the man that had given legal freedom to your people, you likewise would carry the emotions of what real and actual freedom would be like for the hundreds of thousands, seated before you.

Stop and think about it, could a congressman or even President speak before hundreds of thousands in their usual rhetorical manner and speak of how America has gone back on it’s promise of freedom, how America has not given all men the constitutional right to be guaranteed the inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Could the topics of all being God’s children and that they should all rise up on this day and leave the valley of dark, desolate valley of segregation and move on to the bright sunlit patch of racial justice and brotherhood. The truth is these topics do not and would not appear in any legislators or President’s speeches.

Dr. King was speaking as if he was Moses on Mount Sinai, bringing down the Ten Commandments. As if he was seated with Christ speaking to his apostles at the last supper. He felt this moment in time, on those steps before the Lincoln Memorial was his time to make his spirit, dedication and fervor for justice for the entire negro race be known from the hilltops of New Hampshire to the slopes of California and back to every hill and molehill of Mississippi. Truly, Dr. King wasn’t delivering a speech, he was reaching out into the darkness and showing everyone listening that in his heart there was light of a new day coming, and that all should believe and see that same light as bright as he sees it.

In basic print, Dr. King’s speech is difficult to follow as he skips from dark thoughts to advances that are proof that progress is being made. But if you do that one basic thing, and visualize several hundred thousand people hanging on your every word and thought, and truly deliver that speech, you can see how moving it is and why it has held up over the years. It’s the same as sales, you have the words and thoughts, if you need to email them, you will type them a specific way, but when your customer is there in front of you, empathy, adrenaline and emotion will make those same words carry more power and likewise usually more success.

If you research Dr. King, his next most read memoir would be the letter from a Birmingham jail. Dr King still speaks with emotion and passion, but his delivery is entirely different because the enthusiasm of hundreds of thousands of people celebrating every word is not there. His letter still has the constant flow of fact to metaphor to how it will become, just like his speech at the Lincoln Memorial, but it is far easier to follow. The last major


Romanticism is an artistic and intellectual movement originating in Europe in the late 18th century and is characterized by a heightened interest in nature, emphasis on an individual’s expression of emotion and imagination, a departure from the attitudes and forms of classicism, and rebellion against established social rules and conventions.

Romantic writers usually involve one or more of 7 different ideas associated with Romanticism in their writings. These ideas are: a profound love of nature; focus on the self and the individual; stress on emotion and not reason; fascination with the supernatural, mysterious and gothic; yearning for the picturesque, the exotic, and the misty past; deep-rooted idealism; passionate nationalism, or love of country. The stories and poems of Poe, Irving, Cooper, and Bryant involve these characteristics.

In The Fall of the House of Usher an example of one of the 7 ideas is the mysterious atmosphere of the house and the people inside of it. In Bryants Thanatopsis a profound love of nature is shown.The other stories focus on the individual, like in The Devil and Tom Walker. Tom is focused on his own personal gain no matter what it costs. He is faced with meeting the devil and you know the rest.These are just a few examples but through reading the stories you can find the rest.

Category: English


AIDS in Africa
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is one of the most deadly
viruses in the world. No country in Africa has escaped the virus. Some have been
effected more then others though. The spread of AIDS in Africa is because of
poor medical treatment and a lack of education on the part of the people.

HIV is the virus which causes AIDS.(Aids in Africa,1994) HIV stands for
Human Immune-deficiency Virus. The virus attacks the bodies immune system
and weakens it. Scientists have wondered about the origin of HIV ever since the
epidemic emerged.
Experts believe that the virus was contracted through Chimpanzees. (AIDS
came from Chimps, 1999) Perhaps when someone was bitten by a chimp, or a
hunter was exposed to contaminated blood while field dressing an animal. (AIDS
came from Chimps, 1999) Tests were done by Dr. Beatrice Hahn of the University
of Alabama. Her studies tracked HIV back to a virus that infects four sub-species
of chimps that live in Africa. (AIDS came from Chimps, 1999) Hahn and her team
studied frozen tissue from a chimp that died of complications at childbirth. In
this frozen tissue their was the chimp version of the AIDS virus, called SIVcpz.

The genes in SIVcpz are genetically similar to the AIDS virus. (AIDS came from
Chimps, 1999) Chimps who have probably carried this virus for thousands of
years do not get sick from it. Researchers are trying to find out why chimps are
not effected by this virus, because it may lead to a cure. (Aids in Africa,1994) This
productive finding about the virus wasn’t found until 1997 when testing started.
(Aids in Africa,1994) If it would have been found sooner maybe the massive
spread of AIDS could have been prevented.

Since the start of the epidemic an estimated 34 million people living in
Sub-Saharan Africa in 1998 were infected with HIV. (AIDS,1991) This is due to a
lack of education on the part of the people in Africa. They are not taught about
the virus as we are in the United States. In this country the public and media
educate the people about AIDS, including how to prevent the disease. Without
embarrassment, Americans openly discuss methods in which the disease is
transmitted. However in African cultures confronting sexual issues that cause
AIDS and HIV is very uncommon.(AIDS the epidemic,1994)
In Africa AIDS has become the number one cause of death, overtaking
Malaria.(The AIDS Reader,1991) The U.N. AIDS/health experts say more than 40
million people contracted the disease in 1980’s and nearly 12 million of them
have died in Africa. (The AIDS Reader,1991) If the people in Sub-Saharan Africa
were educated about preventing the spread of AIDS and HIV maybe the statistics
wouldn’t be so dramatically different from other countries.
In the African countries good medical treatment can be hard to find. The
United States has a better economy, and more highly trained professionals then
Africa. The lower quality of medical treatment in Africa has contributed to some
of the spread of AIDS in the past.(The AIDS Reader,1991)
Unfortunately the cost of drugs to slow down the disease can cost
$10,000-$20,000 per year per person. (The AIDS Reader,1991) This keeps most
infected HIV patients from getting the needed drugs because they cant afford
them.. This amount of money would cover the annual health care for 200 people
in Zimbabwe.(The AIDS Reader,1991) A family in Sub-Saharan Africa might
spend between $600 and $1,500 to care for a person living with AIDS.(The AIDS
Reader,1991) This money could be used for a college education or other basic
necessities. This country was hit so hard with AIDS that more then one-quarter
of working-age adults are infected with HIV and are forced to use money for
health care.(AIDS the epidemic,1994)
Zimbabwe was the hardest hit country of AIDS or HIV. In this country
about half of all hospital beds are filled with patients who have AIDS and AIDS
related symptoms.(AIDS,1991) Even if we stopped AIDS now the millions of
people already living with it would make the disease continue. In Zimbabwe 25
testing sites were set up to test pregnant women’s blood for HIV virus. At two of
these sites less then 10% were infected, but at the remaining sites almost half
were infected.(Aids in Africa,1994) All pregnant women with the virus have a risk
of passing it onto the baby.

One other major problem in the spread of AIDS is through rape and
sexual abuse. In Africa these kinds of sexual actions are never discussed by


T. Roosevelt – (1858 – 19191) 26th President of the United States, (September 14, 1901
to March 3, 1909
Winslow Homer – (1836-1910) was one of America’s greatest artists. Although he died in
1910, his work is still very popular with collectors and museum visitors. Art
historians continue to bring to light new information about Homer and new i
nterpretations of his art.
Harry K. Thaw – (1871-1947) wrote The traitor
Stanford White – was born into a life of wealth and privilege on November 9, 1853,
joined Charles Follen McKim and William Rutherford Mead in founding McKim,
Mead and White, which soon became the most prominent architectural firm in the
country, He died in 1947 at the age of 76.

Evelyn Nesbit – (1884- 1906) at sixteen she was a model, actress and Gibson Girl
Madison Square Garden – sports arena located in New York City, one of the worlds
most known, holds over 50,000 people
Emma Goldman – (1869-1940) a major figure in the history of American radicalism and
feminism, an influential and well-known anarchist of her day, Goldman was an
early advocate of free speech, birth control, women’s equality and independence,
union organization, and the eight-hour work day
Charles Dana Gibson – creator of the Gibson Girl
Harry Houdini – (1874 – 1926) was one the greatest magicians ever, created many new
magic tricks and defined the normal way of magic
Vaudeville – a form of a Burlesque House in the early 1900s
African Safari – the rich went there to hunt elephants
Commander Peary – discoved the North Pole in 1906, first to claim it for America
Ellis Island – was the gateway through which more than 12 million immigrants passed
between 1892 and 1954 in their search for freedom of speech and religion, and for
economic opportunity in the United States. Because of its unique historical
importance, it was declared part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument in
Socialism – the means of production are owned by the workers rather than by a rich
minority of capitalists or functionaries. Such a system of ownership is both
collective and individual in nature
Henry Frick – One of Frick’s best customers was Andrew Carnegie, the owner of a large
steel company. The two men became business partners. Carnegie purchased a
controlling interest in the Frick Coke Company and Frick obtained 11 per cent of
the Carnegie Steel Company
Jacob Riis – in the 1880s his work gravitated towards reform and he worked with other
New York reformers then crusading for better living conditions for the thousands
of immigrants flocking to New York in search of new opportunities. His most
popular work, How The Other Half Lives
Tammany Hall – Tammany was a legendary Delaware chief, although he was not listed in
official directories of Roman Catholics honored with sainthood
The Tombs –
Delmonicos – a resturant
Theodore Dreiser – (1871-1945) American author, outstanding representative of
naturalism, whose novels depict real-life subjects in a harsh light
San Juan Hill – Theodore Roosevelt was colonel of the Rough Riders (1st United States
Volunteer Infantry) at the time of the Battles of Kettle and San Juan Hills. He
recorded his recollections of these actions in his book, The Rough Riders. For his
actions and leadership in this battle, he was nominated for a Congressional Medal
of Honor, an honor denied him for political reasons (his efforts to get the troops
away from disease-ravaged Cuba had embarassed the Secretary of War)
400 –
Pierce Arrow – Founded in1957, the Pierce-Arrow Society is dedicated to the
preservation of Pierce-Arrow Motor Cars and trucks, Pierce bicycles and
motorcycles, Pierce-Arrow Travelodge trailers, and the literature, artwork, and
history associated with the Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company.

Barnum ; Bailey Circus – Some say it began on April 3, 1793, when John Bill
Ricketts gave the first circus performance in Philadelphia. Still others say it began
on March 29, 1919, when the first performance of Ringling Bros. and Barnum ;
Bailey was held in New York City’s Madison Square Garden
Gen. Tom Thumb – The first public appearance of Tom Thumb in London occurred soon
after the arrival of the party there, at the Princess’s Theatre. A short engagement
only had been made, but it was exceedingly successful. The spectators were
Mrs. Wm. Astor – (1830-1892) : social aspirations of a gentleman
Sigmund Frued – Freud is recognised as the founder of psychoanalysis.
Al Jolson – the master showman of American theatre, whose career spanned fifty years of
American Music history
Jung – Institute in Boston
Coney Island – in

Death of a Salesman

Death Of A Salesman
The play “Death Of A Salesman” , the brainchild of Arthur Miller was transformed and fitted to the movie screen in the year 1986. The play itself is set in the house of Willy Loman, and tells the melancholy story of a salesman whom is in deep financial trouble, and the only remedy for the situation is to commit suicide. In the stage production of this tale, the specific lighting, set, and musical designs really give the story a strong undertow of depression. And logically the screen and stage productions both differ greatly in regards to the mood they set. Moreover the movie production can do many things that just cannot be done on stage, with reference to the setting of course. To generalize, the play gives us a good hard look at the great American Dream failing miserably. However the combination of both the stage and screen productions accurately depict the shortcomings of the capitalist society.

Death of a Salesman specifically focuses on four characters, the first being the main character Willy Loman, his wife Linda, and their two sons Hap and Biff Loman. As mentioned, the focal point of this play is Willy Loman, a salesman in his early sixties. Throughout the story we are told the hard life, emotions and triumphs of Willy the salesman. Early in the play we learn that he has recently been demoted to working for commission, which later in the play,(on par with his luck) translates into Willy getting fired. As the plot unfolds we discover that Willy had a rich brother who recently died named Ben, whom Willy looked upon with great admiration for becoming extremely wealthy and the ripe old age of 21. However Willy also becomes very depressed when Ben leaves, the fact being that he re-realizes the meagerness of his own life, and that he is still making payments on all of his possessions. Willy then comprehends that bye the time his worldly possessions are paid forthey shall no longer be of any use. For example, the Loman house has become virtually unnecessary now that the two sons have moved out. It isn’t until after Willy’s death that the final mortgage payment is made.for a house with no one inside it. The one example of this statement is given by Linda during the final paragraph of the play,
“I made the last payment on the house today. Today, dear. And there will be nobody home. We’re freeand clear.we’re free.we’re freewe’re free”
As the plot thickens, Willy the salesman plummets deeper and deeper into depression until his most likely route of action, which of course is suicide. However the reasoning behind this course of action, we find, is his genuine love for his family, along with Willy’s deep longing to supply his family with as much money as he can possibly get his hands on.As we learn more about Willy’s trials and tribulations, the age old expression “like father like son” appears out of nowhere like a beacon. Like his father, Willy’s son Biff also has some problems of his own, the main one being that Biff cannot seem to find his niche in life. Furthermore, we are told that Biff at one point did in fact have his future all planned out. It turns out that Biff was a shoe-in for a position on the University Of Virginia State football team. However, that chance was all but lost when Biff did not qualify to pass his final mathematics course. Now as you can imagine the fact that Biff had to explain this to his father was quite a large problem in itself. But to add insult to injury, when Biff made the trip to Boston to explain his mathematical dilemma, he is horrified to find that his father has been with another women. And this one incident would leave Biff being an entirely different person altogether. He didn’t even make an attempt to finish his math in summer school. After Boston, Biff couldn’t have cared less what happened to his own life. However, as is in life, out of something horrible comes something worthy. And Biff finally comes to the