Creative Story: Confused Letmein

Creative Story: Confused Letmein
Donald Christensen pr #7
Well it all started out like this, It was a typical day in band, marching
practice. We were all outside lined up getting ready to march. As I was
chatting with Bob, I over heard Mr. Letmein yell to Bob “Get in line Donny.” He
said it like Bob had killed someone.

Bob suddenly looked up, and strangely enough, he was already in line. As
we both looked at each other in wonder, Mr. Letmein commanded “Band at a ready.”
Next thing I knew Mr. Letmein was yelling at Bob telling him to stand at
a ready, and to be quiet, he was so mad at him it seemed like he was a volcano.

We started to march, and Bob looked over at me and said, “Was I talking?”
“Nope” I said back quickly, so we would not be noticed talking.

After marching, in Spanish class, Bob asked me again if he was talking,
and again I said no. We discussed this for a while and found no reason for Mr.

Letmein to yell at him at all. That is just too strange, the only thing we
could think of is he thought Matt Card was Bob, because Matt was standing in
front of Bob. Mr. Letmein must be getting old.

Zeus And Hera

Many traditions had developed within American culture that breached this wall of
separation. For example, our coins have “In God We Trust” printed into
them, The Pledge of Allegiance still contains the phrase “under God,”
and many of our governmental ceremonies have prayer as their opening activity.

For years, many public school districts mandated that the school day begin with
some sort of prayer. The first case to come to the Supreme Court regarding
school prayer was that of Engel v. Vitale in 1961. A group of ten parents sued
the Board of Education of Union Free School District No. 9 in Hyde Park, New
York for having the following prayer said aloud in the presence of a teacher
every day: “Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence on Thee, and we beg
Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers, and our Country.” The
prayer was composed by the New York State Board of Regents, which is a state
agency, and which had broad supervisory powers over the state’s public schools.

The prayer was part of the Regents’ “Statement on Moral and Spiritual
Training In The Schools.” A class action was brought by a set of ten
parents who felt the prayer was contrary to the religious practices of both the
parents and the students, and they maintained that the state’s use of this
prayer violated that part of the Federal Constitution that states “Congress
shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion.” This clause
was made applicable to state law by the Fourteenth Amendment to the
Constitution. The lower courts that heard the case upheld the power of New York
to allow the prayer to be said each day as long as no student was forced to
participate or if the student was compelled to do so over the parents’

Selected Historic Decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court –
Read about how school prayer played a role in the 1996 election at Education
Week On The Web:

Huntington’s Disease

Huntington’s disease is inherited as an autosomal dominant disease that gives
rise to progressive, elective (localized) neural cell death associated with
choleric movements (uncontrollable movements of the arms, legs, and face) and
dementia. It is one of the more common inherited brain disorders. About 25,000
Americans have it and another 60,000 or so will carry the defective gene and
will develop the disorder as they age. Physical deterioration occurs over a
period of 10 to 20 years, usually beginning in a person’s 30’s or 40’s. The gene
is dominant and thus does not skip generations. Having the gene means a 92
percent chance of getting the disease. The disease is associated with increases
in the length of a CAG triplet repeat present in a gene called ‘huntington’
located on chromosome 4. The classic signs of Huntington disease are progressive
chorea, rigidity, and dementia, frequently associated with seizures. Studies ;
Research Studies were done to determine if somatic mtDNA (mitochondria DNA)
mutations might contribute to the neurodegeneration observed in Huntington’s
disease. Part of the research was to analyze cerebral deletion levels in the
temporal and frontal lobes. Research hypothesis: HD patients have significantly
higher mtDNA deletionlevels than agematched controls in the frontal and temporal
lobes of the cortex. To test the hypothesis, the amount of mtDNA deletion in 22
HD patients brains was examined by serial dilution-polymerase chain reaction
(PCR) and compared the results with mtDNA deletion levels in 25 aged matched
controls. Brain tissues from three cortical regions were taken during an autopsy
(from the 22 HD symptomatic HD patients): frontal lobe, temporal lobe and
occipital lobe, and putamen. Molecular analyses were performed on genetic DNA
isolated from 200 mg of frozen brain regions as described above. The HD
diagnosis was confirmed in patients by PCR amplification of the trinucleotide
repeat in the IT 15 gene. One group was screened with primers that included
polymorphism and the other was screened without the polymorphism. After heating
the reaction to 94 degrees C for 4 minutes, 27 cycles of 1 minute at 94 degreesC
and 2 minutes at 67 degrees C, tests were performed. The PCR products were
settled on 8% polyacrylamide gels. The mtDNA deletion levels were quantitated
relative to the total mtDNA levels by the dilution-PCR method. When the
percentage of the mtDNA deletion relative to total mtDNA was used as a marker of
mtDNA damage, most regions of the brain accrued a very small amount of mtDNA
damage before age 75. Cortical regions accrued 1 to 2% deletion levels between
ages 80-90, and the putamen accrued up to 12% of this deletion after age 80. The
study presented evidence that HD patients have much higher mtDNA deletionlevels
than agematched controls in the frontal and temporal lobes of the cortex.

Temporal lobe mtDNA deletion levels were 11 fold higher in HD patients than in
controls, whereas the frontal lobe deletion levels were fivefold higher in HD
patients than in controls. There was no statistically significant difference in
the average mtDNA deletion levels between HD patients and controls in the
occipital lobe and the putamen. The increase in mtDNA deletion levels found in
HD frontal and temporal lobes suggests that HD patients have an increase mtDNA
somatic mutation rate. Could the increased rate be from a direct consequence of
the expanded trinucleotide repeat of the HD gene, or is it from an indirect
consequence? Whatever the origin of the deletion, these observations are
consistent with the hypothesis: That the accumulation of somatic mtDNA mutations
erodes the energy capacity of the brain, resulting in the neuronal loss and
symptoms when energy output declines below tissue expression thresholds.

(Neurology, October 95) Treatments Researchers have identified a key protein
that causes the advancement of Huntington’s after following up on the discovery
two years ago of the gene that causes this disorder. Shortly after the
Huntington’s gene was identified, researchers found the protein it produces, a
larger than normal molecule they called huntingtin that was unlike any protein
previously identified. The question that they did not know was what either the
healthy huntingtin protein or its aberrant form does in a cell. Recently, a team
from Johns Hopkins University found a second protein called HAP-1, that attaches
to the huntingtin molecule only in the brain. The characteristics of this second
protein has an interesting feature- it binds much more tightly to defective
huntingtin than to the healthy from, and it appears that this tightly bound
complex causes damage to brain cells. Researchers are hoping to find simple
drugs that can weaken this binding, thereby preventing the

The Apathy Of Generation X

For the past 25 years it has been wondered why the young people of
America have shared the same apathetic attitude
towards politics as the older generation of Americans. Indeed, the
issues concerning young voters are just as important as those
concerning older voters. Why the newest voters choose to abstain their
right has long been studied. While it has been proven
that the vote of young people can make or a break an election, most
candidates are reluctant to relate themselves to young
people. When that Tuesday in November comes, young people choose not be
heard, assuring themselves future neglect by the
part of elected officials.
There are reasons that young people do not vote, or get involved in
political actions. They range from apathy to just plain
not having enough time. One of the larger reasons is that most
candidates are much older then those 18-25. This would put the
generation gap in between candidates and the youthful voters. A 19 year
old Trinity College student remarks about Bob Dole, I
think he is making himself look older by speaking about certain issues
we (young people) can not relate to. When asked to give
an example the student stated, “he made a reference to World War I, I
thought he was going to say he fought in that one too!”
( While Bob Dole is a isolated instance, many
youthful voters feel that there is a ever growing
distance between them and the older generations. Another reason that
young people are turning away is lack of education
towards politics. While this could be said for any age group, it seems
to be more prevalent in younger people. The lifestyle of
younger people does not allow for a everyday exposure to politics as
those of a older generation. Thomas Banks, a 19 year
old student, when asked why he was not watching the 1992 Presidential
Debates responded, “I guess because I don’t really
see what’s going on at college. I feel pretty isolated. It doesn’t seem
as important to me as studying. I guess”. Although not in a
career yet, the life of a student is proving to be just as busy as those
in the older generations. People in the full time labor are
not the only ones who can use a hassle-full life as an excuse not to get
involved. There is another major reason that young
people feel isolated and set apart from the political world. For those
who take the time to educate themselves, and to
participate in what activities they can; they soon find that the major
candidates have paid little, if any attention to the issues that
effect young people the most. Chris Weinkopf, associate editor of
National Review, when speaking about how Bill Clinton and
Bob Dole are talking to young voters said, “I think both of them are
really just paying lip service to young people in the way
they address issues” (
When young voters make themselves heard in an election, they can
turn the outcome like no other age group can. Even
with minimal turn-out on the part of 18-25 year olds. Elections have
been won or lost because of who young people do or do
not support. In 1992, 50% of registered voters under the age of 30
turned out to vote. In that election, Bill Clinton received
50% of the under 30 vote (Bush received 30%, Perot 20%). Clintons 20%
margin of victory in the young people vote was his
largest in any age group and may have very well put him in the White
House. Since John Andersons independent run at the
White House in 1980, young people have been the strongest supporters for
those outside the two party system. Now in 1996,
even though Ross Perot has a dismal 5% overall, his support amongst the
younger voters is in the double digits.
There are many things that will make young people get involved. The
biggest thing that gets the attention of youthful
voters is the same thing that gets the attention of older voters, money.

When the financial status of a young person is threatened,
they are more likely to get involved in political activities. Issues
such as student loans, tax cuts, minimum wage and Pell Grant
minimums are issues that turn the heads of younger voters. Other issues
that effect young people and make them get involved
include birth control, use of tobacco products and A.I.D.S. research to
name a few more. In 1991, Montanas state Legislature
enacted a unique referendum. It allowed the states high school students

A Lesson Before Dying

A Lesson Before Dying
I thought that the book A Lesson Before Dying was all right overall. I think Ernest Gaines did a good job with the plot but the idea of the book was not to interesting to me. A book about a black man becoming a man on his way to the electric chair is a very dull plot to me. I give Gaines credit for making the book semi-interesting even though the plot was terrible. Personally after reading Things Fall Apart and Song of Solomon I was looking for a little more action in this book. Those two books were ten times better than A Lesson Before Dying so I can say that I was probably expecting too much.
A Lesson Before Dying has a superb depiction of the theme "you can’t judge a book by its cover;quot;. Grant went to help Jefferson with a notion that Jefferson was sewer trash and he would not learn anything from this situation. In the end Grant was wrong because he learned a lot from his short relationship with Jefferson. Grant had certain feelings for Jefferson he never had for a man before. They became real close friends and talked about a lot of things. I really like how they portrayed this theme throughout the book.

;#9;In the book each character had their own characteristics and personality. There was something special about each character in the book. Each of them had their strong points and weak points for example Grant was always running away from his problems. There were a lot of things in his life that he could not handle and he just wanted to run away. He didn’t know what to do about Jefferson at first and wondered why he had to teach him. He didn’t really know how to handle his job as teacher in the Quarter. He couldn’t make his mind up about God so he just decided to leave it alone. Aunt Emma was a very strong character in the book. She would do almost anything to help Jefferson before he died. She begged to the Guidry’s on several occasion to help Jefferson feel more comfortable while he was in jail. She begged Grant for his help even though Grant did not want to help Jefferson. She got Mose Ambrose and Grant to finally work together to help Jefferson instead of always arguing. There were many strong characters in the book but there were also weak ones. This individuality of each character made the book very interesting because you could watch how each characters personality would clash with the others.
;#9;There were also some parts of A Lesson Before Dying that I did not like. They should have had more background on each of the characters. I never figured out where Tante Lou knew Aunt Emma from or where Grant met Vivian. These things are not necessary but they add to the story. I also think they could have gone into more detail about Grant and Lou’s relationship. I wanted to know what happened to Grant’s parents and just how close were they. There is a lot of background information in the book that remains a mystery to me.
;#9;Overall I thought A Lesson Before Dying was an all right book. It reminded me how my people were treated in America during the late 1940’s. It was a realistic story that might have happened to anyone caught in that situation at that time period. The book made me think about how hard my people fought for me to get where I am now. Jefferson had to stand like a man for the whole town not just himself. He had to rebuke the notion that black people were hogs by becoming a man again and showing that to the community. He died with dignity and pride like a man should. For these reasons I have stated here and above I believe A Lesson Before Dying was an above average book.

Internet Shopping – Good or Bad?

Shopping on the Internet is increasing but would you do business this way?
The Internet?s popularity has dramatically escalated over the past few years and has become an integral part of daily life. It has wide spread uses ranging from, obtaining information, downloading files, business advertisement to Internet commerce, which plays a major part in Internet practice. Our social structure is pressuring society to connect to the Internet, with schools world wide becoming more Web based and universities now have lectures, which can be solely viewed over the Internet. Within the next few years the potential and capabilities of the Internet are endless. With that in mind the following assignment will examine a continuously flourishing component of the Internet, Internet shopping. Although Internet shopping is on the increase, it will never surpass conventional shopping, as the ?experience of shopping? is lost, it is open to fraud and the ?try before you buy? concept does not occur. From this information, it could be stated, ?The promise of Internet shopping is drowning in a flood of deceit, customer dissatisfaction, fraud and misappropriation. The Internet is best known for being a information superhighway, not a superhighway to the shopping mall.?
Shopping from the convenience and comfort of your own home may have its apparent advantages; no more standing in line, no more hassles. Currently people are using the Internet for shopping largely as it offers some benefits when compared with conventional shopping, for a narrow range of goods and services. Given that, there are still concerns about risks involved ? many issues from security of credit cards to privacy
Purchasing products from the Internet has major disadvantages when compared to conventional shopping. A significant problem is you cannot see the store you are buying from. On the Internet, it can be difficult to know whether the business you are dealing with is honest or not. When your credit card number is given to a marketing site in order to purchase goods, there is no certain guarantee that it will be used for the purpose it was intended for. Many unscrupulous internet web sites, use promises of miracle cures, and other hoaxes in order to exploit their users in an effort to gain credit card numbers and use them, for their own personal gain. However many web sites are creditable, but the security of their web page then may be violated. (By ?Hackers?)
When a user ?surfs? into an online store and submits an order form with a credit card number, the information is then transmitted from their computers modem via local telephone lines to their Internet Service Provider (ISP) and then over the Internet. The order may go to an intermediary or directly to the merchant’s server. Companies vary as to when they process their credit card details. Some do immediately, while others wait until the product has been shipped out to the customer. Anywhere along that path in which the information travelled, the security of their credit card number may have been compromised. Numerous Internet hackers ?surf? the Internet constantly looking for low security web pages in which to prey on.

?An intruder invaded more than 485,000 credit cards and secretly stored the massive database on a U.S. government agency’s Web site. While the credit card companies notified financial institutions, the customers were never informed. Many compromised accounts remain open to this day? (Perfectly Private Inc, Shopping Privacy Concerns) This is the main reason why many internet users don?t shop online, as their credit card details could me misused, which results in the customer having to pay for their deceitful act. ?Two 18-year-old boys in Wales were arrested after allegedly stealing and distributing 26,000 credit card files from 5 different sites. Estimated losses: $3 million.? (Perfectly Private Inc, Shopping Privacy Concerns
Not only can credit card details be stolen, but also many merchant sites sell and store massive databases of information about each customer they have, compromising the customers? privacy and confidentiality. ?The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) scrutiny of 229 Australian websites uncovered credit card fraud, privacy breaches and poor trading safeguards by e-commerce retailers.? (Perfectly Private Inc, Shopping Privacy Concerns
Many web sites try to tailor their market towards each individual customer.

Biology Paper: Carbon Dating

Period: 8
During the first part of class we talked about Isotopes and
carbon dating. This subject caught my attention unlike other lessons, so I
decided to do my report on this topic. It is not very controversial, the
only controversy being if it is accurate or not. Carbon dating is
controversial in that is shares some of the fundamental assumptions
inherent to all Radiometric Dating techniques. In order for Carbon Dating
to have any value, Carbon-14, produced in our outer atmosphere as Nitrogen-
14 and changed into radioactive Carbon-14 by cosmic-ray bombardment, and
must be at equilibrium in our atmosphere. In other words, the production
rate must be equal to the decay rate. Therefore, the question I pose is
this; is carbon dating an effective way of telling the date of artifacts?
The first thing I will discuss is how carbon dating works. Carbon-14
is the radioactive version of Carbon. Radiation from the sun strikes the
atmosphere of the earth all day long. This energy produces radioactive
Carbon-14. This radioactive Carbon-14 slowly decays into normal, stable
Carbon-12. Laboratory testing has shown that about half of the Carbon-14
molecules will decay in 5730 years. After another 5730 years half of the
remaining Carbon-14 will decay, leaving only of the original Carbon-14.

It goes from to to 1/8, ect. In theory it would never totally
disappear, but after about 5 half lives the difference is not measurable
with any degree of accuracy. This is why most people say that carbon dating
is only good for objects less than 30,000 years old.

Since sunlight causes the formation of Carbon-14 in the atmosphere,
and normal radioactive decay takes it out, there must be a point where the
formation rate and the decay rate equalize. This is called the point of
equilibrium. Let me illustrate; if you were trying to fill a barrel with
water but there were holes drilled up the side of the barrel, as you filled
the barrel it would began leaking out the holes. At some point you would be
putting water in and water would be leaking out at the same rate. You will
not be able to fill the barrel pas this point. In the same way Carbon-14 is
being formed and is decaying out simultaneously. A freshly created earth
would require about 30,000 years for the amount of Carbon-14 in the
atmosphere to reach this point of equilibrium because it would leak out as
it is being filled. Tests indicate that the earth has yet to reach
equilibrium. This would mean that the earth is not yet 30,000 years old.

This also means that plants and animals that lived in the past had less
Carbon-14 in them than they do today. This one fact totally upsets data
obtained by Carbon-14 dating.

Yet another example is a candle you find burning in a room. You could
measure the present height of the candle (say, seven inches) and the rate
of burn (say, an inch per hour). In order to find the length of time since
the candle was lit we would be forced to make some assumptions. We would
obviously have to assume that the candle has always burned at the same
rate, and the initial height of the candle. The answer changes based on the
assumptions. Similarly, scientists do not know that the Carbon-14 decay
rate has been constant. They do not know that the amount of Carbon-14 in
the atmosphere is constant. Present testing shows the amount of Carbon-14
in the atmosphere has been increasing ever since it was first measured in
the 1950’s. This may be tied in to the declining strength of the magnetic
field, but this has not yet been proven.

This dating technique assumes that Carbon-14 has reached equilibrium.

There is more Carbon-14 in our atmosphere today then there was at any time
in the past. Thus, Carbon Dating is controversial. If there’s more Carbon-
14 in the atmosphere today than there was 50 years ago, then an animal that
died 100 years ago would test at an artificially higher age.

Many experiments have been done in attempts to change radioactive
decay rates, but these experiments have failed to produce any significant
changes. We have found that decay constants are the same at a temperature
of 2000 degrees Celsius or at a temperature of 186 degrees Celsius and are
the same in a vacuum or under pressure of several thousand atmospheres.

Measurements of decay rates under differing gravitational and magnetic
fields also have provided negative

Character Analysis of Samuel Parris ( Crucible)

Eric Repas
Lit Analysis
11/ 7/96
Characterization of Reverend Samuel Parris
Throughout The Crucible we are introduced to and follow four or five important
characters that Arthur Miller elaborated upon. One of those characters is Reverend
Samuel Parris, a bitter minister who came to Salem for unclear reasons. That reason may
have been he was looking for a small town to control, maybe he was trying to escape
something or someone, or he may have just wanted a fresh, clean start; whatever that
reason was it is for sure he had no idea what he was going to start. If the blame of the
Salem Witchcraft Trails were to be traced back to one individual it would certainly be
Reverend Parris.
When we are first introduced to Parris he is at the side of his daughters bed
praying for his recovery. It is Parris who calls in Hale and other experts so that a cure
may be found for his daughter. Once word got out that there were witch hunters in Salem
all hell broke loose. As three warrants are sent out to arrest the supposed witches the long
blood bath that is to follow is set into motion. During the trials Parris is sure to attack the
character of every defendant leaving no one pure. When Frances Nurse brings a petition
with 91 names on it, a petition to set Rebecca, Goody Proctor, and Martha Corey free
Parris demands that all those on the list be called in for questioning.

Danforth, glancing at the list: How many names are here?
Frances: Ninety-one, Your Excellency.

Parris, sweating: These people should be summoned. Danforth
looks up at him questioningly. For questioning.

Parris: This is a clear attack upon the court!
Parris also attacks Mary Warren harshly when she changes sides to help John
Proctor clear his wife’s name. Once Mary claims she fainted at will he tries to make her
prove this, and once he has weakened her whole defensive stand, the other girls move in
for the kill forcing her to turn on the man she could have saved. Parris could not let it be
proven that the girls were liars for if it was both his daughter and niece would be caught in
the middle of this elaborate fabrication. Of course if they were proven to be the liars it
would reflect upon his own character and involvement in the bloody game.

In the end of the novel Parris does show remorse for the whole ordeal, once John
Proctor is sentenced to hang Parris finally realizes that this has all been wrong. Parris
pleads with Elizabeth to convince John to convince so that his life will be spared for this is
blood that will be on Parris’s own hands. But do not be followed this is also a selfish act
for if he could have gotten Proctor to confess it would have justified the other hangings.

Parris (In deadly fear to Elizabeth) : ” Go to him Goody Proctor! There is time
From outside a drumroll strikes the air. Parris is startled. Elizabeth jerks about
toward the window.

Parris: Go to him! He rushes out the door as to hold back his fate. Proctor! Proctor!
Samuel Parris was a man who used the Trails for vengeance, vengeance for
everything that has ever happened to him. For once in his life this man had absolute
power, although once this power was used his role of importance was taken away by
Danforth and others. Maybe it was that once he was knocked of his pedestal he finally
realized all this was wrong. Maybe by the end of the novel he finally realized that he was
wrong there were no witches, or it could have been he just wanted the satisfaction of
Proctors confession; but whatever it was it really doesn’t matter now all are dead and
gone. Without Parris the Trails would not have escalated to what they became or just
maybe they would have never even began.

Category: English

The Hiding Place

The Hiding Place by Corrie Ten Boom is the story about the life of a woman in Holland during the German Nazi invasion and holocaust. Miss. Ten Boom tells about her childhood, helping people escape through the anti-Nazi underground, her arrest and imprisonment, and her release.

As a child Miss. Ten Boom grew up in their family’s watch shop with her mother, father, sisters, Nollie and Betsie, brother, Willem, and aunts, Tante Jan, Tante Anna, and Tante Bep. Her close-knit family was a very important part of her life. They worked together to keep up the house and the shop. People would always be at their house to visit, needing a place to stay, or just to hear Father read the Bible. Through her brother she met Karel, with whom she fell in love. He was a schooled man, very intelligent and cunning. Though he also had a love for Corrie, he would never court her, let alone marry her. His family arranged his marriage with a woman that had a large dowry. The rejection hurt Corrie at that young age but was soon forgotten and placed behind her.
Her family was always known for helping people less fortunate. In a person’s time of need, her mother always took food and a warm smile to help. Whenever a child was homeless, they could always go to the Beje for shelter. It was not a surprise, then, when Corrie and the rest of her family got involved with the anti-Nazi underground. She had been noticing that everything in her little town was changing. There were police stationed everywhere and a curfew was being set. The Germans were beginning to take control. Corrie had found out from her brother, Willem, that there were Jewish people needing a place to stay. The family decided to open the Beje to take people in, mostly until they found them a new home. Corrie found a man inside the German government to get food ration cards so they the people could eat. She also found most of the people places to stay. There were a few people that the borders would not take in, for many different reasons. Those people had the Beje as a home. There was always a threat of the German officers making a surprise inspection of their home, so the heads of the underground installed a secret room in their house. Corrie had the permanent and temporary residents perform drills so that they could get to the room quickly so that no one would know that they were ever there.
One day, while Corrie was sick in bed, the German officers came to arrest her and her family members out of suspicion that they were working with the underground. Luckily everyone staying at the Beje was able to get into the secret room before the Gestapo was able to reach the top of the house. Though none of the Jews were found, Corrie and her family were still arrested and taken to a holding place. There started the long progression through the horrors of prison and the concentration camps. After spending a few days in the holding place they were taken to Scheveningen, a prison in another part of the country. All of the women were put in holding cells away from the people that they knew and loved. Being that Corrie was sick, she did not stay in the crowded cells very long. Quickly she was moved to an isolated cell where she could recover from her illness. One day she learned that Nollie and Willem had been released but she got the bad news that her father had passed away after ten days in prison. Soon after she got this news, Nollie sent her a package with some supplies and a few little bibles. Corrie was excited to see these things.
As Corrie began to get better she was scheduled to have her hearing to see if she could get out of prison. While in her meeting she met Lieutenant Rahms. He seemed like a very sympathetic man with a soft heart. During this hard time he made her feel comfortable. He wanted to help Corrie and he knew he


The Depression
Imagine for a moment, waking up one day to find yourself on a
dirty floor, a pile of rags, or maybe even the street. You look down at
yourself to find youre wearing the same clothes you wore yesterday,
except they are completely filthy and have lots of
holes in places like the knees and elbows. You have no access to a
mirror to show you what you look like so you go to touch you hair with
your hand and find it to be a pile of grease and dirt that obviously
hasnt been washed in days, maybe even weeks.

You get up and start to head for work, or school, only to realize you
have no place to go. The pain of hunger eats away at you, but you just
ignore it knowing that there is nothing for you to eat and you have no
money to buy any food. You have no job, no money, no family, no hope.

Welcome to the Depression.

The 1920s was a time of great prosperity in the lives of most
Americans and our natural human ignorance made us think it would stay that
way forever. We had just come out of the Great War and business was
booming, along with agriculture and the stock m arket. The outlook for
the future was great, but people failed to understand that economies cant
be on the upswing forever, it has to come down sometime. All of the signs
of a depression were there; the farmers were producing too much, the
uneven distr ibution of income, easy credit/huge debts, imbalance of
foreign trade; people just didnt notice them. Not until October 29,
1929–BLACK TUESDAY–anyway, when the bottom of the stock market fell out,
taking millions of American lives with it. Even thoug h any didnt admit
it, they knew what was on the way. People who had been buying stocks on
margin (10% down) suddenly found themselves penniless and in bigger debt
than they could imagine. America went into a panic, pulling money out of
banks in a frenz y causing many to close their doors.

President Hoover tried hard to make the times better for the
unemployed first by setting aside almost $800 million for public works
like the now Hoover Dam. Conditions, however, failed to improve. His
other policies, the Reconstruction Finance Corporat ion (RFC) and the Home
Loan Bank Act, also didnt make much difference. The election of 1932
made it clear that the American people were unhappy with Hoover. Franklin
Delano Roosevelt won the election on the Democratic ticket by a landslide.

His promis e of “a new deal” gave Americans hope for what he could do for
them. Two days after his inauguration he ordered a bank holiday for all
the banks in the country to close. When they reopened, people felt more
safe putting their money in banks with the go vernment backing them up.

FDRs “New Deal” became what started the nations turn around. With such
programs as the CCC (employing single males from the ages of 17-28 to do
community labor like road building), the FERA (used $250 million to aid
the unemp loyed, elderly, and sick), the AAA (paid farmers to grow less),
the NIRA (set up price controls), the WPA (creating as many job as
possible), and others, Franklin Roosevelt became one of the most
successful leader this country has ever had. Throughout h is Presidency,
he almost single-handedly changed the fate of America. He turned this
country around so we could be a great nation again.

If you were to ask someone who lived through the Great Depression,
as it came to be called, what it was like, their answer would probably not
be a positive one. But even through immense tragedy, good still found a
way to shine through. The Depression gave us the chance to redefine what
America stood for. The government now had the power to help people in
need, and in return people had more trust in the government because they
knew it would support them. The position of minorities improved somewhat
be cause the New Deal relief measures were essentially color blind, and
gave non-whites a