(b) Highly intelligent

(c) Dull or idiot

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(d) Gifted

(e) None of the above

102. Spearman has developed the:

(a) Theory of Mental Ability

(b) Concept of Abstract level of intelligence

(c) Two-type ability theory

(d) Two-factor theory of intelligence

(e) None of the above

103. Who developed the concept of “Primary Mental Abilities”?

(a) A. R. Jensen

(b) E. L. Thorndike

(c) J. P. Guilford

(d) L. L. Thurstone

(e) R. B. Cattell

104. Who has conceived intelligence as “abstract”, “practical” and “social”?

(a) R. B. Cattell

(b) A.R. Jensen

(c) J.P. Guilford

(d) E. L. Thorndike

(e) None of the above

105. Wechsler’s first scale of intelligence was developed primarily for:

(a) Children

(b) Babies

(c) Animals

(d) Adults

(e) None of the above

106. “Raven’s progressive Matrices (RPM)” is a:

(a) Culture-bound test

(b) Test of Memory

(c) Personality Test

(d) Culture Fair Test

(e) None of the above

107. Who has developed the “structural model theory” of intelligence?

(a) B. L. Thorndike

(b) A. R. Jensen

(c) R. B. Cattell

(d) Guilford

(e) B. G. Boring

108. Thurstone’s factor analysis theory of intelligence lies between the theories of:

(a) Terman and Wechsler

(b) E. G. Boring and Galton

(c) Spearman and Thorndike

(d) Wechsler and E.G. Boring

(e) Galton and Terman

109. Who is associated with the Multifactor theory of intelligence?

(a) E. G. Boring

(b) Wechsler

(c) Guilford

(d) Thurstone

(e) None of the above

110. The extract quoted from the book “The complete history of the life and adventures of Robinson Cruisoe” by Daniel Defoe may serve as a very good example of:

(a) Crystallized intelligence

(b) Specific factor of intelligence

(c) General factor of intelligence

(d) Fluid intelligence

(e) Abstract level of intelligence

111. Who has regarded intelligence as a capacity of the organism to adjust itself to an increa­singly complex environment?

(a) Guilford

(b) Jensen

(c) Spencer

(d) Gallon

(e) E.G. Boring

112. Who described the composition of intelli­gence in terms of “intellectual breadth and intellectual altitude?

(a) R. B. Cattell

(b) A. R. Jensen

(c) L. L. Thurstone

(d) E. G. Boring

(e) Carl Spearman

113. According to Wechsler, intelligence is global because it characterises the individual’s behaviour:

(a) Throughout the world

(b) As the capacity to learn

(c) As the ability to carry an abstract thinking

(d) As a whole

(e) None of the above

114. It has been suggested that mental growth stops somewhere between the ages:

(a) 16 and 20

(b) 14 and 24

(c) 10 and 20

(d) 8 and 12

(e) 6 and 8

115. Mental age (MA) reaches its maximum limit by about the age of:

(a) 16

(b) 17

(c) 14

(d) 20

(e) 19

116. Which type of tests of intelligence was developed when people of different languages or illiterates had to be tested?

(a) Verbal tests

(b) Reasoning tests

(c) Non-verbal tests

(d) Culture-free tests

(e) None of the above

117. Non-verbal tests are also called:

(a) General tests

(b) Specific tests

(c) Performance tests

(d) Reliable tests

(e) None of the above

118. E.L. Thorndike’s multifactor theory of inte­lligence is at one extreme of the interpre­tations regarding the nature of:

(a) Motor Organization

(b) Intellectual Organization

(c) Mental Organization

(d) Reasoning

(e) None of the above

119. The two-factor and the group-factor theories emerge from the methods of:

(a) Psychophysics

(b) Psychotherapy

(c) Psychophysiology

(d) Factor Analysis

(e) None of the above

120. The first scale, devised primarily to identify mentally deficient children in the school of Paris is known as:

(a) Thurstone Scale

(b) The 1905 Binet – Simon scale

(c) Wechsler Scale

(d) Galton Scale

(e) Spencer Scale

121. The Stanford revision of the Binet-Simon Intelligence Scale is derived from the fact that revision was made at Stanford Uni­versity, under the direction of:

(a) E.G. Boring

(b) Wechsler

(c) Spencer

(d) L. M. Terman

(e) Galton

122. The concept of “Intelligence Quotient” was devised by a German psychologist:

(a) Spencer

(b) Stern

(c) Thurstone

(d) E. G. Boring

(e) Galton

123. The index of an individual’s intellectual de­velopment, determined by dividing his men­tal age by his chronological age and multi­plying the result by 100 is known as:

(a) Creativity Quotient

(b) Sociability Quotient

(c) Reliability Quotient

(d) Intelligence Quotient (I.Q.)

(e) None of the above

124. Animals do not have:

(a) Behaviour

(b) Memory

(c) Drive

(d) Abstract Intelligence

(e) None of the above

125. The tests of intelligence developed by Galton mainly dealt with:

(a) Personality

(b) Hereditary factors

(c) Environmental factors

(d) Perceptual motor skills

(e) None of the above

126. The I.Q. range of average intelligence is:

(a) 30-60

(b) 15-75

(c) 85-115

(d) 150-185

(e) 240-340

127. Culture-free tests of intelligence were deve­loped by:

(a) Galton

(b) Spencer

(c) Cattell

(d) Wechsler

(e) Thorndike

128. Fluid and crystallized intelligence are the major theoretical components of intellectual activity proposed by:

(a) R. B. Cattell

(b) E. G. Boring

(c) J. S. Bruner

(d) Cyril Burt

(e) E. L. Thorndike

129. Fluid intelligence is a general relation perceiving capacity which represents one’s potential intelligence somewhat independent of:

(a) Personality and Creativity

(b) Socialization and Education

(c) Creativity and Emotion

(d) Emotion and Motivation

(e) Motivation and Personality

130. Crystallized intelligence reflects much more ones:

(a) Personality

(b) Motivation

(c) Emotion

(d) Cultural Exposure

(e) Creativity

131. Piget’s stage-oriented theory conceives of intelligence as:

(a) An adaptive process

(b) A personality aspect

(c) A motivational factor

(d) A creative factor

(e) None of the above

132. J. S. Bruner views cognitive development as essentially the evolving use of:

(a) External representation

(b) Sensation

(c) Perception

(d) Internal Representation

(e) None of the above

133. Which theory of intelligence maintains that intelligence should be measured in terms of such functions as sensory processing coding strategies, memory and other mental capacities involved in learning and remem­bering?

(a) Two-factor Theory

(b) Primary mental Abilities

(c) Information-Processing Theory

(d) Structure of the intellect

(e) Levels of Intelligence

134. In 1916, Lewis Terman of Stanford University brought out an American version of:

(a) Thurstone’s test

(b) Boring’s test

(c) Spencer’s test

(d) Binet’s test

(e) Wechsler’s test

135. Computers and Calculators are best exam­ples of:

(a) Abstract Intelligence

(b) Cognitive ability

(c) Artificial Intelligence

(d) Primary Mental Abilities

(e) None of the above

136. Binet and Terman worked from a notion of intelligence as an overall ability related to:

(a) Emotion and Motivation

(b) Intelligence and Personality

(c) Abstract reasoning and Problem solving

(d) Reasoning and Perceptual speed

(e) None of the above

137. Mental Age (MA) can be expressed in re­lation to chronological Age (CA) in order to estimate the:

(a) Personality

(b) Motivation

(c) Reasoning

(d) Rate of development

(e) Creativity

138. Who viewed that rote learning ability (Level-I) may be a necessity but not sufficient condition for the emergence of problem-solving (Level-II)?

(a) E.G. Boring

(b) J. S. Bruner

(c) A. R. Jensen

(d) Cyril Burt

(e) E. L. Thorndike

139. The concept of mental age (MA) in adults is:

(a) Meaningless

(b) Meaningful

(c) Related to creativity

(d) Related to sociability

(e) Related to motivational factors

140. A ratio I.Q. is useful only with:

(a) Old women

(b) Old men

(c) Adults

(d) Children

(e) None of the above

141. At the top of the I.Q. distribution, there are individuals who are:

(a) Idiots

(b) Imbeciles

(c) Intellectually gifted

(d) Morons

(e) None of the above

142. Very often Psychologists refer to the abilities tested by intelligence and scholastic aptitude tests as:

(a) Creativity

(b) Conative abilities

(c) Cognitive abilities

(d) Reasoning capacity

(e) None of the above

143. The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale is arranged by:

(a) Body weight

(b) Blood weight

(c) Hereditary factors

(d) Age levels

(e) None of the above

144. Wechsler Scale of intelligence is arranged by:

(a) Age levels

(b) Body weight

(c) Reasoning capability

(d) Type of items

(e) None of the above

145. Multifactor theory of intelligence is other­wise known as:

(a) Two-factor theory of intelligence

(b) Synthetic theory of intelligence

(c) Reasoning theory of intelligence

(d) Crystallized theory of intelligence

(e) None of the above

146. The first attempt for standardization of mental tests in India was made by:

(a) Dr. S. M. Mohsin

(b) V. V. Kamat

(c) Dr. C.H. Rice

(d) Dr. Sohen Lal

(e) None of the above

147. An intelligent person is likely to be attracted more by:

(a) Difficult and complex tasks

(b) Simple tasks

(c) Idiots

(d) Dull tasks

(e) Motor tasks

148. The Terman-Merril Test measures intelli­gence from the age of:

(a) 2 years upward to the adult age

(b) 10 years upward to the adult age

(c) 5 years upward to the adult age

(d) 13 years upward to the adult age

(e) 14 years upward to the adult age

149. The Binet type tests of intelligence are called:

(a) Group Tests

(b) Individual Tests

(c) Culture free tests

(d) Therapeutic tests

(e) None of the above

150. Who said that intelligence is an “innate general cognitive ability”?

(a) E. L. Thorndike

(b) Cyril Burt

(c) R. B. Cattell

(d) Daniel Defoe

(e) A. R. Jensen

151. Educational Psychologists have observed that the correlation between I.Q. and academic success:

(a) Is highest in primary schools

(b) Is highest in colleges

(c) Is highest in high schools

(d) Is lowest in primary schools

(e) None of the above

152. The Stanford-Binet Scales are referred to as individual tests because:

(a) They must be administered to groups

(b) They must be administered to abnormal people

(c) They must be administered to animals

(d) They must be administered to one person at a time

(e) None of the above

153. In an intelligence test, a 10-year old girl scored the I.Q. of 120, what is her mental age (MA)?

(a) 13

(b) 15

(c) 12

(d) 10

(e) 16

154. The mentally gifted (I.Q. above 130) comprise about:

(a) 20 per cent of the population

(b) 25 per cent of the population

(c) 2 per cent of the population

(d) 40 per cent of the population

(e) 50 per cent of the population

155. Spearman’s basic assumption is that all mental tasks require two kinds of ability and these are:

(a) Crystallized intelligence and fluid in­telligence

(b) Intellectual breadth and intellectual altitude

(c) Associative ability and Cognitive ability

(d) General ability and Specific ability

(e) None of the above

156. Binet was a/an:

(a) German Psychologist

(b) Russian psychologist

(c) French psychologist

(d) English psychologist

(e) American psychologist

157. The first attempt for standardising mental tests in India was made by Dr. C.H. Rice of:

(a) Hyderabad

(b) New Delhi

(c) Bhubaneswar

(d) Lahore

(e) Chennai

158. Who was the major force in bringing the Binet test into the mainstream of academic psychology in America?

(a) R. B. Cattell

(b) A.R. Jensen

(c) E. G. Boring

(d) Lewis Terman

(e) B. L. Thorndike

159. Which intelligence test provides three types of intelligence scores: a verbal I.Q. a performance I.Q. and a composite I.Q. based on all subtests combined?

(a) Wechsler’s Scale

(b) Binet-Simon Scale

(c) Raven’s Progressive Matrices

(d) Thurstone’s Scale

(e) None of the above

160. Who viewed that intelligence is an adaptive process that involves an interplay of biological maturation and interaction with the environment?

(a) Jean Piaget

(b) E.L. Throndike

(c) Kurt Lewin

(d) E. G. Boring

(e) A. R. Jensen

161. The deviation I.Q. expresses a person’s relative intellectual status within his or her age group by a measure derived from:

(a) F-Scores

(b) T-Scores

(c) Z-Scores

(d) Standard Deviation (SD)

(e) None of the above

162. Arnold Lucious Gessel (1880-1961) viewed his tests as measuring not intelligence but the child’s level of development. The score an infant obtains is therefore called:

(a) Intelligence Quotient (I.Q.)

(b) Developmental Quotient (D.Q.)

(c) Fluid intelligence Scores

(d) Abstract intelligence Scores

(e) None of the above

163. The term “intelligence” is derived from a Latin word, framed by Cicero to translate a Greek word used by Aristotle to include:

(a) All cognitive processes

(b) Specific cognitive processes

(c) All affective processes

(d) Specific affective processes

(e) None of the above

164. Who defines “intelligence” as the power of apprehending the relationship?

(a) Spearman

(b) Wyatt

(c) Cattell

(d) Jensen

(e) Bruner

165. Which view of intelligence held that intelligence was one of the innate faculties along with learning, thinking and remem­bering etc?

(a) Monarchic view

(b) Oligarchic view

(c) Gestalt view

(d) Behaviouristic view

(e) Psychoanalytic view

166. The first systematic theory on the nature of intelligence was put forward by the British psychologist:

(a) A. R. Jensen

(b) Carl Spearman

(c) R. B. Cattell

(d) J.P. Guilford

(e) E.G. Boring

167. Who called intelligence as our general cognitive ability?

(a) Terman

(b) Galton

(c) Wechsler

(d) Spencer

(e) E.G. Boring

168. Who defined intelligence as the global capacity of the individual to act pur­posefully, to think naturally and to deal effectively with the environment?

(a) Binet

(b) Galton

(c) Wechsler

(d) Spencer

(e) Terman

169. Two-factory of intelligence was advanced by:

(a) Galton

(b) Carl Spearman

(c) Spencer

(d) Terman

(e) Wechsler

170. Who defined intelligence as the capacity to do well in an intelligence test?

(a) Galton

(b) E.G. Boring

(c) Spencer

(d) Terman

(e) Spearman

171. Spencer viewed that intelligence is the capacity of the organism to adjust itself to an increasingly:

(a) Simple environment

(b) Creativity

(c) Temperament

(d) Complex environment

(e) None of the above

172. E.L. Thorndike held that intelligence is a combination of different abilities and func­tions at:

(a) Three different levels

(b) Four different levels

(c) Five different levels

(d) Six different levels

(e) None of the above

173. Who considered “g” factor as a kind of well or spring of mental energy that flows into everything the individual does to meet his day-to-day needs?

(a) Galton

(b) Binet

(c) Carl Spearman

(d) Terman

(e) Wechsler

174. Who developed the idea of “Three Dimen­sional Model” of intelligence?

(a) J.P. Guilford

(b) Carl Spearman

(c) E. G. Boring

(d) R. B. Cattell

(e) A.R. Jensen

175. A theorist of intelligence held that general intelligence is composed of two factors:

(i) Fluid intelligence and

(ii) Crystalized intelligence.

Who is that theorist?

(a) A. R. Jensen

(b) R. B. Cattell

(c) J.P. Guilford

(d) Carl Spearman

(e) E. G. Boring

176. Who viewed intelligence as an attribute of the person like any other attribute such as blood pressure, temperature etc?

(a) Alfred Binet

(b) A. R. Jensen

(c) L. L. Thurstone

(d) J.P. Guilford

(e) Carl Spearman

177. The composition of intelligence in terms of intellectual breadth and intellectual attitude was described by:

(a) J.P. Guilford

(b) R. B. Cattell

(c) A. R. Jensen

(d) Alfred Binet

(e) L. L. Thurstone

178. Who held the view that mental functioning involves two types of abilities – an associative ability and a cognitive ability?

(a) L. L. Thurstone

(b) Alfred Binet

(c) R. B. Cattell

(d) A. R. Jensen

(e) J.P. Guilford

179. The first Binet-Simon scale for measuring intelligence was constructed in:

(a) 1907

(b) 1905

(c) 1910

(d) 1940

(e) 1913

180. The concept of “Mental Age” was developed by:

(a) L. M. Terman

(b) William Stern

(c) Alfred Binet

(d) R. B. Cattell

(e) A. R. Jensen

181. The very term “Intelligence Quotient (I.Q.) was introduced by:

(a) A.R. Jensen

(b) J.P. Guilford

(c) William Stern

(d) L. M. Terman

(e) R. B. Cattell

183. If a child’s chronological age (CA) is 8 and his mental age (MA) is 9, his I.Q. will be:

(a) 112.50

(b) 137.50

(c) 120.50

(c) 113.50

(e) 116.50

184. If a child’s chronological age (CA) is equal to his mental age (MA), then his I.Q. will be:

(a) 110

(b) 100

(c) 112

(d) 115

(e) 120

185. Thurstone’s theory of intelligence is popu­larly known as:

(a) Multiple factor theory

(b) Group Factor Theory

(c) Two Factor Theory

(d) Sampling Theory

(e) One-factor Theory

186. Bhatia’s test of intelligence is a modified version of:

(a) Thurstone’s test of intelligence

(b) Stanford-B met Test

(c) Wechsler’s performance battery tests

(d) Binet-Simen Scale

(e) None of the above

187. Bhatia’s test of intelligence is basically designed:

(a) To test the rural illiterate population of India

(b) To test the urban illiterate population of India

(c) To test the urban literate population of India

(d) To test the urban literate population of England

(e) To test the urban literate children of USA

188. In the famous book “Hereditary Genious”, the author has empasized biological heredity as the only factor that determines individual differences in intelligence. Who was the author?

(a) Arthur Jensen

(b) L. L. Thurstone

(c) Sir Francis Galton

(d) E. G. Boring

(e) R. B. Cattell

189. The first person who devised systematic tests to measure intelligence of children was:

(a) Lewin Terman

(b) Alfred Binet

(c) David Wechsler

(d) A. R. Jensen

(e) R. B. Cattell

190. Psychologists use WAIS to measure the intelligence of:

(a) Children

(b) Adults

(c) Both adult and children

(d) Females only

(e) Males only

191. Scientific measurement of intelligence was started by:

(a) L. L. Thurstone

(b) Lewin Terman

(c) Alfred Binet

(d) A. R. Jensen

(e) R. B. Cattell

192. Guilford’s cubical model provides for:

(a) 150 factors of intelligence

(b) 120 factors of intelligence

(c) 125 factors of intelligence

(d) 130 factors of intelligence

(e) 160 factors of intelligence

193. Guilford’s concept of intelligence includes what he calls:

(a) Creative thinking

(b) Divergent Thinking

(c) Abstract Thinking

(d) Convergent Thinking

(e) None of the above

194. Vernon has proposed that elements of G- factor theory and the multifactor theories can be combined to form a/an:

(a) Monarchic theory

(b) Unitary theory

(c) Hierarchical Theory

(d) Anarchic Theory

(e) None of the above

195. Who viewed that intelligence is an adaptive process that involves an interplay of bio­logical maturation and interaction with the environment?

(a) David Wechsler

(b) Jean Piaget

(c) Lewis Terman

(d) Merrill

(e) Jerome Bruner

196. The concept of I.Q. (Intelligence Quotient) was proposed by William Stern in the year:

(a) 1914

(b) 1912

(c) 1900

(d) 1920

(e) 1950

197. The concept of “Mental Age” (MA) is meaningless for:

(a) Girls

(b) Adults

(c) Children

(d) Boys

(e) Married Men

198. A process-theorist sees intellectual deve­lopment partly as a growing reliance on internal representation. According to him, babies have a highly action-oriented form of intelligence. Who is the theorist?

(a) Jean Piaget

(b) Jerome Bruner

(c) Lewis Terman

(d) Robert Sternberg

(e) David Wechsler

199. The concept of “deviation I.Q.” was devised by:

(a) David Wechsler

(b) Jean Piaget

(c) Jerome Bruner

(d) Lewis Terman

(e) Robert Sternberg

200. In a Uzgiris and J. Mc V. Hunt (1975) developed a set of six developmental scales intended to measure “progressive levels of cognitive organization” in the:

(a) First two years of life

(b) First three years of life

(c) First four years of life

(d) First five years of life

(e) None of the above

Answers

101. (c) 102. (d) 103. (d) 104. (d) 105. (d) 106. (d) 107. (d) 108. (c) 109. (d) 110. (d) 111. (c) 112. (b) 113. (d) 114. (a) 115. (d) 116. (c) 117. (c) 118. (c) 119. (d) 120. (b) 121. (d) 122. (b) 123. (d) 124. (d) 125. (d) 126. (c) 127. (c) 128. (a) 129. (b) 130. (d) 131. (a) 132. (d) 133. (c) 134. (d) 135. (c) 136. (c) 137. (d) 138. (c) 139. (a) 140. (d) 141. (c) 142. (c) 143. (d) 144. (d) 145. (b) 146. (c) 147. (a) 148. (a) 149. (b) 150. (b) 151. (a) 152. (d) 153. (c) 154. (c) 155. (d) 156. (c) 157. (d) 158. (d) 159. (a) 160. (a) 161. (c) 162. (b) 163. (a) 164 (b) 165. (b) 166. (b) 167. (b) 168. (c) 169. (b) 170. (b) 171. (d) 172. (a) 173. (c) 174. (a) 175. (b) 176. (b) 177. (c) 178. (d) 179. (b) 180. (c) 181. (c) 182. (c) 183. (a) 184. (b) 185. (a) 186. (c) 187. (a) 188. (c) 189. (b) 190. (b) 191. (c) 192. (b) 193. (d) 194. (c) 195. (b) 196. (b) 197. (b) 198. (b) 199. (a) 200. (a)

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